高二英语选修8 Unit 3语法复*


语法复*:过去分词高考 高考考点解析及专练 高二英语选修 8 Unit 3 语法复*:过去分词高考考点解析及专练

高考题真题: 高考题真题: Unless ________ to speak, you should remain silent at the conference. A. invited B. inviting C. being invited D. having invited 此题答案为 A,考查过去分词作状语的用法,表示条件,和逻辑主语是被动关系, 相当于状语从句 Unless you are invited, you should remain silent at the conference。 过去分词主要起形容词或副词的作用,表示“被动、完成”的意义,在句中作定语、 表语、补足语、状语等,也可以构成独立主格结构。选择分词时,关键看分词与其逻辑 主语的关系,若是其逻辑主语主动发出的动作,选用现在分词;若是被动动作,则选用 过去分词。高考英语对过去分词的考查主要有以下几个方面:

一、 考查过去分词作状语
过去分词当状语可表示原因、时间、条件、伴随情况等,相当于一个状语从句或并 列句。有时过去分词前也可加上连词 when, while, once,if, unless, though 等。 过去分词作状语,其逻辑主语是句子中的主语,表示被动或完成意义。例如: 1. ________ in 1636, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States. A. Being founded B. It was founded C. Founded D. Founding

2. The research is so designed that once ______ nothing can be done to change it. A. begins B. begun C. beginning D. having begun

3. When ________, the museum will be open to the public next year. A. completed B. completing C. being completed D. to be completed

二、 考查过去分词作定语
过去分词当定语, 其逻辑主语是所修饰的名词或代词, 表示一个被动或完成的动作, 相当于一个被动的定语从句。例如: 4. Prices of daily goods ________ through a computer can be lower than store prices. A. are bought B. bought C. been bought D. buying

5. The Olympic Games, _____ in 776 B.C., did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing B. to be first played C. first played D. to be first playing

三、 考查过去分词作补足语
过去分词当宾语补足语时,其逻辑主语是其前面的宾语,表示一个被动或完成的动 2009/06/11 http://blog.cersp.com/index/1000214.jspx


作,和宾语在逻辑意义上是被动关系(亦称动宾关系) 。后接宾语再接过去分词当宾补 的词有:感官动词 see,watch,look at,find,notice,discover,hear,listen to,feel, smell 等;使役动词 have,get,make,leave,send 等;介词 with。 “with + 宾语 + 宾 补”也成为独立主格结构。例如: 6. The murderer was brought in, with his hands ________ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 7.The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see _____ the next year. A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out

过去分词当表语, 其主语通常是人, 表示主语所处的状态或表示主语对某事的感觉, 意思是“(某人感到)......的” ;而现在分词作表语时,其主语通常是物,表示主语的特征, 意思是“令人......的” 。常用作表语的过去分词有:interested,moved,discouraged, amused, astonished, surprised, frightened, excited, moved, inspired, tired, worried, hurt,crowded,gone,broken,burned, separated, dressed,changed,wounded, pleased,seated,infected,lost,absorbed in,occupied in,buried in 等。后接过去 分词当表语的系动词有:be 动词和 get,become,remain 等。例如: 8. As we joined the big crowd I got ________ from my friends. A. separated B. spared C. lost D. missed

过去分词当状语时,如果主句的主语不是分词的逻辑主语,必须在分词前加上其逻 辑主语(否则句子将引起歧义) ,构成独立主格结构,表示时间、原因、条件等。例如: 9. Hands ________ behind his head, John lay on the sand with his eyes looking straight upward into space. A. crossing B. were crossed C. crossed D. had crossed

六、考查过去分词的惯用法 有些以过去分词形式出现的词,其词性和意思都已发生了变化,相当于惯用法。例 如: 10. ________ the general state of his health, it may take him a while to recover from the operation. A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given

“Given”在此处是介词,意思是“鉴于;考虑到;假如” 和“被给予”意义不同。 ”在此处是介词 意思是“鉴于;考虑到;假如” , 被给予”意义不同。 意思是 答案:1-5 C B A B C 6-10 D C A C A 答案: 2009/06/11 http://blog.cersp.com/index/1000214.jspx


高考专练: 高考专练: 1. Because of my poor English I'm afraid I can't make myself________. A. understand A. finding A. speaking B. to understand B. being found B. spoken C. understanding C. to find D. found D. understood 2. It is one of the funniest things ________ on the Internet so far this year. 3. What's the language________in Germany? C. be spoken D. to speak 4. ________some officials, Napoleon inspected his army. A. Followed B. Followed by C. Being followed D. Having been followed by 5. Most of the people________ to the party were famous scientists. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. inviting 6. He was disappointed to find his suggestions________. A. been turned down B. turned down C. to be turned down D. to turn down 7. Can those ________ at the back of the classroom hear me? A. seat B. sit C. seated D. sat 8. -Good morning. Can I help you? -I'd like to have this package________, madam. A. be weighed B. to be weighed A. followed A. Given B. following B. To give C. to weigh C. to be followed C. Giving D. weighed D. being followed 9. There was a terrible noise________ the sudden burst of light. 10. ________more attention, the trees could have grown better. D. Having given 11. The secretary worked late into the night, ________a long speech for the president. A. to prepare B. preparing A. to burn effect. A. when taking B. when taken C. when to take D. when being taken 14. Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage ________the girl and took her away, ________ into the woods. A. seizing; disappeared C. seizing; disappearing whether they will enjoy it. A. to see B. to be seen C. seeing D. seen 16. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ________ as the plane was making a landing. 2009/06/11 http://blog.cersp.com/index/1000214.jspx

C. prepared D. was preparing C. burning D. burned

12. It was so cold that they kept the fire ________all night. B. burn 13. Generally speaking, ________ according to the directions, the drug has no side

B. seized; disappeared D. seized; disappearing

15. Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains________


A. seat

B. seating

C. seated

D. to be seating

17. After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, ________. A. exhausting B. exhausted C. being exhausted D. having exhausted 18. The________ boy was last seen________ near the East Lake. A. missing; playing B. missing; play C. missed; played D. missed; to play 19. John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work ________, he gladly accepted it. A. finished B. finishing C. having finished D. was finished 20. While building a tunnel through the mountain, ________. A. an underground lake was discovered B. there was an underground lake discovered C. a lake was discovered underground D. the workers discovered an underground lake 21. It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when ________ at the meeting by my boss. A. questioning A. Compare B. having questioned B. When comparing C. questioned D. to be questioned D. When compared 22. _____ with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all. C. Comparing 23. ________ by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to spend another two days on the farm. A. Attracting A. get changed B. Attracted B. get change C. To be attracted C. get changing D. Having attracted D. get to change 24. Sarah, hurry up, I’m afraid you can’t have time to ________ before the party. 25. Having been attacked by terrorists, ________. A. doctors came to their rescue C. an emergency measure was taken much as possible. A. Having given A. speak B. To give B. the tall building collapsed D. warnings were given to tourists B. speaking C. spoken D. to speak

26. To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English ________ as 27. ________ time, he’ll make a first-class tennis player. C. Giving D. Given

28. I smell something ________ in the kitchen. Can I call you back in a minute? A. burning B. burnt C. being burnt D. to be burnt

29. Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English _____ in a short period. A. improved B. improving C. to improve D. improve

30. After a knock at the door, the child heard his mother's voice ______ him. A. calling 2009/06/11 B. called C. being called D. to call



key: 1-5 D D B B A

6-10 B C D B A

11-15 B C B D B 16-20 C B A A D

21-25 C D B A B 26-30 C D A A A 21、C。用过去分词表示被动、完成。 22、D 23、B。用过去分词表示被动,作状语。 24、 A。get done 结构,注意类似的还有:get dressed, get hurt, get burnt, get separated 等。 25、B 分词作状语时,它的逻辑主语应该与句子的主语一致。 26、C。过去分词 spoken 当后置定语,表示被动意义。 27、D。Given time, 在这里相当于 If he is given time。 28. A。smell something burning“闻着什么东西在燃烧而发出糊味”强调这个动作正 在进行。burning 作宾语补足语。something burnt “烧焦了的东西”表示一种状态。 所以选 A。 29. A。have sth. done 表示“使某事被做” ,have her written English improved “使 她的书面英语得到提高” 动词+ed 形式作宾语补足语表示被动。 。 have sb. doing sth. 意 为“使某人一直在做某事” 30.A。hear sb. doing sth. 意为“听到某人在做某事” 。动词+ing 表示主动,the child heard his mother's voice calling him 表示“孩子听见他母亲喊他” 。hear sth. done 表 示“听见某事被做了” 。所以选 A。 31. ________ time, he'll make a first-class tennis player. A. Having given B. To give C. Giving D. Given





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